The results of the two studies showing that a vaginal ring can help reduce the risk HIV infection among women is being hailed as an important HIV prevention breakthrough. The ring, which is used for a month at a time, contains an antiretroviral drug called dapivirine that acts by blocking HIV from multiplying. Each study found that the ring helps reduce the risk of HIV infection in women. But there were differences in how effective the ring was based on how consistently the women used it.
Everything You Need to Know About Using Vaginal Rings as a Birth Control Option
Vaginal Rings FAQ | Everyday Health
A vaginal ring is a hormonal contraceptive method that is used as an alternative to birth control pills and transdermal patches. Like other hormonal contraceptive methods, the vaginal ring averts pregnancies through preventing ovulation through a combination of two hormones. The vaginal ring is a small plastic ring in a soft material that can be compressed and then inserted in the vagina. It is 54 mm in diameter and is available in one size only. It will fit all vaginas and does not need to be customized.
Why a New Vaginal Ring could be a Game-Changer in HIV Prevention
Offering a month duration, the new device provides women who want to prevent pregnancy with more convenience than the one-month version. The approval of Annovera segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol vaginal system , a combined hormonal contraceptive, marks the first time a vaginal ring that can be used for one year will be available. Similar to NuvaRing, Annovera is a silicone ring lined with segesterone acetate, a new form of progestin, and ethinyl estradiol, or estrogen. Together, progestin and estrogen work to prevent an egg from being released. A process known as ovulation.
The ring is the first HIV prevention option specifically designed for women since the female condom was approved nearly 30 years ago. This provision, unique to the EMA, evaluates a drug intended for use in lower-income countries with the same rigour as a drug destined for the European market. A device that is worn inside the vagina for a month at a time, which women can insert and remove themselves.